[189] The ADL notes on their website that the symbol is often used as "shock graffiti" by juveniles, rather than by individuals who hold white supremacist beliefs, but that it is still a predominant symbol amongst American white supremacists (particularly as a tattoo design) and used with anti-Semitic intention. A number of variations on the flag have been used over the years: red top and bottom bands instead of orange were previously used, and in 1942 a ring (representing the traditional Kuna nose-ring) was added to the center of the flag to distance it from the symbol of the Nazi party.[154]. At the Northern edge of Ilkley Moor in West Yorkshire, there is a swastika-shaped pattern engraved in a stone known as the Swastika Stone. [50], In Native American culture, particularly among the Pima people of Arizona, the swastika is a symbol of the four winds. [1][2][3] ), 610-550 BC, In Asia, the swastika symbol first appears in the archaeological record around[58] 3000 BCE in the Indus Valley Civilization. Occupy Wall Street, Ferguson, every riot in Portland and Seattle over the past 10-20 years…it’s there. In his 1925 work Mein Kampf, Adolf Hitler writes that: "I myself, meanwhile, after innumerable attempts, had laid down a final form; a flag with a red background, a white disk, and a black hooked cross in the middle. ', New York City 'bail reform': Bronx judge releases teen murder suspect - two separate times, Little boy, 7, runs into house engulfed in flames to save baby sister: ‘I was scared, but I didn’t want my sister to die.’, New York City ‘bail reform’: Bronx judge releases teen murder suspect – two separate times, Two arrested for opening fire on police officers after armed robbery. [86] In 1919 it was approved as insignia for the Kalmyk formations,[87] and for a short period had a certain popularity amongst some artists, politics and army groups. Hewitt's observation on page 145 of Primitive Traditional History: vol. In Finland, the swastika (vääräpää meaning "crooked-head", and later hakaristi, meaning "hook-cross") was often used in traditional folk-art products, as a decoration or magical symbol on textiles and wood. [145] The Pērkonkrusts, an ultra-nationalist political organization active in the 1930s, also used the fire cross as one of its symbols. [153], In February 1925, the Kuna revolted vigorously against Panamanian suppression of their culture, and in 1930 they assumed autonomy. [7][8] In Hinduism, the right-facing symbol (卐) is called swastika, symbolizing surya ("sun"), prosperity and good luck, while the left-facing symbol (卍) is called sauvastika, symbolizing night or tantric aspects of Kali. It was used by the Assyrians to represent their sky god Anu, by the Chinese as a symbol of the earth; others used it as a sun-symbol. [8] The counterclockwise sauvastika is less used; it connotes the night, and in tantric traditions it is an icon for the goddess Kali, the terrifying form of Devi Durga. The Grand Cross with the swastika collar has been awarded 41 times to foreign heads of state. This insignia was used on the party's flag, badge, and armband. This article, Crooked Cross, is the property of Flame Lizard and cannot be tampered with or referenced without his permission. The tursaansydän, an elaboration on the swastika, is used by scouts in some instances,[129] and by a student organization. [101] Related symbols in classical Western architecture include the cross, the three-legged triskele or triskelion and the rounded lauburu. The city of Hirosaki in Aomori Prefecture designates this symbol as its official flag, which stemmed from its use in the emblem of the Tsugaru clan, the lords of Hirosaki Domain during the Edo period. [6], The German and Austrian postwar criminal code makes the public showing of the Hakenkreuz (the swastika), the sig rune, the Celtic cross (specifically the variations used by white power activists), the wolfsangel, the odal rune and the Totenkopf skull illegal, except for scholarly reasons. A design of interlocking swastikas is one of several tessellations on the floor of the cathedral of Amiens, France. [130] The Finnish village of Tursa uses the tursaansydän as a kind of a certificate of authenticity on products made there, and is the origin of this name of the symbol (meaning "heart of Tursa"),[131] which is also known as the mursunsydän ("walrus-heart"). A proposed direct link between it and a swastika floor mosaic in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Amiens, which was built on top of a pagan site at Amiens, France in the 13th century, is considered unlikely. [5] In the wake of widespread popular usage, in post-World War I Germany, the newly established Nazi Party formally adopted the swastika in 1920. The following photos show that this “crucifix” is repulsive indeed, dishonors Christ, and does not inspire pious thoughts: Need more proof of the communist/Marxist ties of BLM? [80] As the negative space between the lines has a distinctive shape, the sayagata pattern is sometimes called the key fret motif in English. It’s hard to quantify. An upright clenched fist. Two sauwastikas (opposite-facing swastikas) on an ancient Greek kantharos, Attica, c. 780 BCE, Main mosaic of the Lullingstone Roman Villa, 1st century AD, depicting three swastikas, The swastika was widespread among the Illyrians, symbolizing the Sun. [190], In 2010, Microsoft officially spoke out against use of the swastika by players of the first-person shooter Call of Duty: Black Ops. [54] As the carving was found near phallic objects, this may also support the idea that the pattern was a fertility symbol. [81][failed verification] The swastika is clearly marked on a hilt and sword belt found at Bifrons in Kent, in a grave of about the 6th century. But Hitler himself never used the word "Swastika" to refer to his symbol. [12][8] In various forms, it is otherwise known (in various European languages) as the fylfot, gammadion, tetraskelion, or cross cramponnée (a term in Anglo-Norman heraldry); German: Hakenkreuz; French: croix gammée; Italian: croce uncinata. [95][additional citation(s) needed], The bronze frontispiece of a ritual pre-Christian (c. 350–50 BCE) shield found in the River Thames near Battersea Bridge (hence "Battersea Shield") is embossed with 27 swastikas in bronze and red enamel. The Nazis thus co-opted the sign as a symbol of the Aryan master race, although the use of the swastika as an Aryan symbol dates back to the late-19th century writings of Émile-Louis Burnouf. The left facing sauwastika symbol is found in tantric rituals.[8]. And surely the organizers of Black Lives Matter know exactly what it means too…after all, it’s in their manifesto. Eimskipafjelag Íslands[126] from its founding in 1914 until the Second World War when it was discontinued and changed to read only the letters Eimskip. The symbol was used on state road signs in Arizona.[118][119]. The cross has a long central staff and then three horizontal bars cross it near the top, in diminishing order of length. During the Dark Ages, the Order of the Crooked Cross, sometimes also called Brotherhood of the Crooked Cross, was a band of Malkavian knights who chose to honor their Antediluvian and followed a slightly different version of the Christian Trinity found in the Book of Andreas. During the Bronze Age it was depicted on cauldrons, belts, medallions and other items. [90][93] In vernacular speech the swastika was called differently; for example, "breeze" – as in Christianity, the swastika represents spiritual movement, descent of the Holy Spirit, and therefore the "wind" and "spirit",[90] or ognevtsi ("little flames"), "geese", "hares" (a towel with a swastika was called as towel with "hares"), "little horses". In Copenhagen at the entrance gate, and tower, of the company's headquarters, built in 1901, swastikas can still be seen. [20] It is alternatively spelled in contemporary texts as svastika,[21] and other spellings were occasionally used in the 19th and early 20th century, such as suastika. The Sun cult was the main Illyrian cult; the Sun was represented by a swastika in clockwise motion, and it stood for the movement of the Sun.[106]. This Bent Crucifix is "... a sinister symbol, used by Satanists in the sixth century, that had been revived at the time of Vatican Two. The headquarters of the Oslo Municipal Power Station was designed by architects Bjercke and Eliassen in 1928–31. This led to an opposition campaign by Hindu groups across Europe against a ban on the swastika. To avoid misunderstandings, the swastika decorations were replaced by fir crosses at the decision of president Urho Kekkonen in 1963 after it became known that the President of France Charles De Gaulle was uncomfortable with the swastika collar. According to the protocol, the president shall wear the Grand Cross of the White Rose with collar on formal occasions. [72][73] It is one of the most common symbols on Mesopotamian coins.[8]. Textile number T.231-1923 held at the V&A Museum in London includes small swastikas in its design. Besides its use as a religious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, which can be traced back to pre-modern traditions, the swastika is also used by adherents of a large number of new religious movements which were established in the modern period. After the Freddy Gray death in Baltimore, the protesters who put the city in flames, engaged in riots and looting prominently displayed the clenched-fist salute. It also appears as a design or motif (singularly or woven into a pattern) on textiles, architecture and various decorative objects as a symbol of luck and good fortune. The swastika was also used by the women's paramilitary organization Lotta Svärd, which was banned in 1944 in accordance with the Moscow Armistice between Finland and the allied Soviet Union and Britain. (Red, white, and black were the colors of the flag of the old German Empire.) Romero, Bieito (2009): Xeometrías Máxicas de Galicia. 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