The Germans therefore adopted a divide-and-conquer strategy. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Both sides claimed victory: Germany because it had destroyed or damaged more ships, Britain because it … The bow and stern of HMS Invincible stick out of the water during the Battle of Jutland. Cambridge Core - Military History - The Battle of Jutland. Nevertheless, the British Naval team won the battle and maintained the control of Jutland. At 3:48 pm Hipper’s flagship, the Lützow, opened fire, which was promptly returned, but during the next 20 minutes the British line suffered severely: the Lion, the Princess Royal, and the Tiger were hit repeatedly, and the Indefatigable, caught by two salvoes from the Von der Tann, capsized and sank. It was a clear, calm spring day. Documentary about the Battle of Jutland, a naval battle during World War I between the British and German fleets, which took place on 31 May and 1 June 1916 in the North Sea, off the west coast of Denmark. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Jellicoe’s battleships, steaming in six columns abeam of each other, would need to be deployed in one line before action. To Jellicoe it was by no means clear what had taken place. For the Royal Navy, command of the seas was of paramount importance. For their part, the British were inclined to believe that another fruitless sweep to find the Germans had taken place and that they would soon return to their respective bases. German losses numbered 1 pre-dreadnought, 1 battlecruiser, 5 light cruisers, 6 destroyers, and 1 submarine. The Germans, who had lost 11 ships and over 2,500 men, avoided complete destruction but never again seriously challenged British control of the North Sea. As it turned out, the submarines failed in this function, and the policy was modified to take into account the possibility of attacking the Grand Fleet in separate parts. The High Seas Fleet had rigidly adhered to Scheer’s plan, though Hipper was as yet uncertain whether his scouting group had lured Beatty’s fleet across the North Sea. The battle involved 250 warships of the British and German navies, and, in terms of combined tonnage of vessels engaged, was the largest naval battle in history. As it was, because he overrated the danger of a torpedo attack, he ordered a turn away, and the two opposing lines of battleships steamed apart at more than 20 knots (23 miles [37 km] per hour). This success, however, did little to relieve the intense bombardment, and the High Seas Fleet was still pressing forward into the steel trap of the Grand Fleet. This is a major new account of the Battle of Jutland, the key naval battle of the First World War in which the British Grand Fleet engaged the German High Seas Fleet off the coast of Denmark in 1916. The Battle of Jutland: What if the Germany's Battleships Had Prevailed? Jutland was a confused and bloody action involving 250 ships and around 100,000 men. Just before 6:00 pm Jellicoe sighted Beatty’s battle cruisers, now augmented by the 3rd Battle Cruiser Squadron under Rear Adm. Horace Hood. This was the crisis of the Battle of Jutland. It was the bloodiest day in British naval history, and the triumphant publication of such figures in the German press gave a worldwide impression that the Royal Navy had suffered a serious reverse. More Buying Choices $3.50 (22 used & new offers) Kindle $14.95 $ 14. Yet the Grand Fleet was still between the High Seas Fleet and the German ports, and this was the situation which Scheer most dreaded. The British lost 14 ships and over 6,000 men, but were ready for action again the next day. The German High Seas Fleet hoped to weaken the Royal Navy by launching an ambush on the British Grand Fleet in the North Sea. The Battle of Jutland (31 May - 1 June 1916) was the largest naval battle of the First World War. Its whole outlook, fashioned by centuries of tradition, was based on the premise that so long as the sea routes were open for trade, the future of Britain and its empire was secure. Unfortunately for Scheer, this signal was intercepted by British listening stations, and, though its exact details were not completely understood, it was obvious from its wide distribution that a large-scale movement by the High Seas Fleet was imminent. Placing full reliance in the seamanship of his captains, Scheer at 6:36 pm ordered a 180° turn for all ships together (the last ship becoming the leader), and, as the battleships and cruisers steered away in retreat, torpedo boats draped thick smoke screens across their rear. The broadside of Jellicoe’s entire line could thus be brought to bear on the Germans, who could only reply with the forward guns of their leading ships. By the time he recovered and regained his position, the High Seas Fleet, believing that a small British force coming from Harwich in the south was the main body of the Grand Fleet, had turned tail and made for home. Although it failed to achieve the decisive victory each side hoped for, the Battle of Jutland confirmed British naval dominance and secured its control of shipping lanes, allowing Britain to implement the blockade that would contribute to Germany’s eventual defeat in 1918. It was this augmented fleet which Scheer now sought to ensnare and destroy before the remainder of the Grand Fleet could sortie south from Scapa to its rescue. Hipper led his group to sea at 1:00 am on May 31—the van of a fleet of 100 ships manned by approximately 45,000 officers and men. Ships of the German High Seas Fleet, June 1916. By 1:30 pm on May 31, the rival fleets were approaching each other, but each was unaware of the other’s presence. Jellicoe was informed, and by 10:30 pm—before even the German scouting group had left the Jadebusen (Jade Bay)—the entire British Grand Fleet was at sea, Jellicoe’s force making for a rendezvous with Beatty’s near the entrance to the Skagerrak, fairly across the planned route of the German fleet. The Battle of Jutland, by John Brooks Summary: Overall I liked this book and would recommend it with a few caveats. It was the only time that the British and German fleets of 'dreadnought' battleships actually came to blows. Battle of Jutland (May 31–June 1, 1916), naval engagement off the west coast of Denmark that was the only major encounter between the main British and German fleets in World War I. 3.7 out of 5 stars 14. Battle of Jutland - Aftermath: At Jutland, the British lost 3 battlecruisers, 3 armored cruisers, and 8 destroyers, as well as 6,094 killed, 510 wounded, and 177 captured. At first the British press agreed, but the truth was not so clear-cut. Jellicoe, unaware that the transference of this call from ship to shore was a normal practice when the High Seas Fleet put to sea, believed that the main body of that fleet was still in German waters. It resulted in many casualties and loss of ships for both sides. Realistic Ballistics Model - every shell fired is tracked, 37mm and up, including armor penetration. It was also the first and only time that the British and German fleets of 'dreadnought' battleships met each other in battle. Temporarily out of stock. The Battle of Jutland was fought in the North Sea of the Atlantic Ocean, near Denmark. With Dan Snow, Nick Hewitt, Shini Somara, James Windsor. The Battle of Jutland took place between the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet on the 31st May 1916 in the North Sea, off the mainland of Denmark. This force would be followed at an interval of about 50 miles (80 km) by the battle squadrons of the High Seas Fleet under Scheer. The British still dominated the North Sea, and the Germans had not inflicted sufficient losses on their adversary to stand any chance of victory in a new action against its main fleet. The Battle of Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916) was the largest naval battle of the First World War, involving 250 ships and around 100,000 men. It was hoped that the presence of the scouting group in waters so far from its base would lure the southern section of the Grand Fleet into a pursuit. Naval Operations in the Dardanelles Campaign. The 24 minute animation gives the viewer an overview of the major “chapters” of the battle – the opening battle cruiser action, the Grand Fleet deployment, the Turn Away and the Night Destroyer actions. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. When it was over, 25 ships were at the bottom of the North Sea and more than 8,500 men were dead, three quarters of them Britons. The Battle of Jutland (German: Skagerrakschlacht (Battle of the Skagerrak); Danish: Søslaget ved Jylland / Søslaget om Skagerrak) was the largest naval battle of World War I and the only full-scale clash of battleships in that war. Of unparalleled danger between beatty ’ s Grand Fleet escape, claimed it as a victory their... To rescue survivors, but he was too late astern became confused in their endeavour to turn.! Had taken place Jutland is a List of ships for both sides am on June.... Submarine and torpedo-boat trap of German home waters, however, have one card! 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