Pulses grow in pods and come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colours. Also known as “pulses” these crops are nutritional powerhouses packed with protein, fiber, and other essential nutrients. They are packed with nutrients and have a high protein content, making them an ideal source of protein particularly in regions where meat and dairy are not physically or economically accessible. The lentil (Lens culinaris) is a bushy annual plant of the legume family, grown for its lens-shaped seeds. Which one of the following is not true for pulses? FAO recognizes 11 primary pulses. By using pulses for intercropping and cover crops, farmers can also promote farm biodiversity and soil biodiversity, while keeping harmful pests and diseases at bay. As pulses are leguminous crops, and all of these except tur or arhar help in restoring soil fertility by fixing and using nitrogen from the air in the soil. 3 ) Bean =Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of the family Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) used for human food or animal feed. As an added benefit, dry peas, lentils, beans, and chickpeas are a sustainable crop that benefits the soil and work well in many crop rotations. Compare the geographical conditions, required of the two major cereal crops in India, rice and wheat. Pulses need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions. Science; Social Science; Mathematics; English ; Hindi; Class 11. Dried beans, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. green peas, green beans)—these are classified as vegetable crops. Major pulse producing states in India are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Karnataka. These seeds are harvested mature and marketed dry to be used as food or feed or processed into various products. Also excluded are those crops used mainly for oil extraction (e.g. Major of them are as follows: Pulses are a type of leguminous crop but pulse term refers to dried seed. The term pulse, as used by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), is reserved for legume crops harvested solely for the dry seed. Like many leguminous crops, pulses play a key role in crop rotation due to their ability to fix nitrogen. Dried beans, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. They are used for both food and feed. You probably already eat more pulses than you realize! In general, pulses are characterised by long vegetative period, photo and thermo sensitivity, indeterminancy and low yield. Being leguminous, they Like many leguminous crops, pulses play a key role in crop rotation due to their ability to fix nitrogen. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Dried beans, lentils and peas are most commonly known and consumed. Name the four fibre crops grown in India. Chick peas, cowpeas, black-eyed peas and pigeon peas are also pulses, as are all varieties of lentils. Dried beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Class 9. Staples dishes and cuisines from across the world feature pulses, from hummus in the Mediterranean (chick peas), to a traditional full English breakfast (baked navy beans) to Indian dal (peas or lentils). What is unique to them is their property of fixing atmospheric nitrogen in their root nodules thereby, making the soil rich in nutrients. seeds of clover and alfalfa). 5. International Year of Pulses 2016 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00153, Rome Italy[email protected], Regional Dialogue for Europe and Central Asia. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. It is about 40cm tall and the seeds grow in pods, usually with two seeds in each. Q.1 (iii):- Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. Though pulses are grown in both Kharif and Rabi seasons, Rabi pulses contribute more than 60 per cent of the total production. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Examples of leguminous Green Manures are as follows: Local name- Cowpea, Cluster bean (Guar), Green gram (Mung bean), Sesbania, Dhaincha, Sunhemp, Wild Indigo, Pillipesara, Berseem, Madras Indigo etc. Urad, moong, masur, peas, gram and tur (arhar) are the major pulses grown in India. The term 'pulse' is derived from the Latin pulse meaning 'seed or grain can be made into a thick soup or pottage'. In northern India, Khesari and Masoor are raised as Rabi crops in northern India. (a) Pulses are grown in both rabi and kharif season (b) Pulses are leguminous crops (c) They are grown in rotation with other crops (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities Science. (a) Pulses (b) Jawar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum Answer:- (a) Pulses. In pulse crops, often it has been observed that they produce less amount of dry matter compared to other crops in the same duration. Pulses are essential crops for a number of reasons. Such crops are also classified as legumes – i.e. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) defines “pulses” as annual leguminous crops yielding from one to twelve grains or seeds of variable size, shape, and color within a pod. Grain legumes, also called pulses, are plants belonging to the family Leguminosae (alternatively Fabaceae) which are grown primarily for their edible seeds. Pulses are a leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. However, protein quality is inferior compared to meat because methionine content is generally insufficient. Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops ? The low yields of legume crops and the shortage of pulses as indicated by increasing prices have emphasized a greater need for research and as a result the "All-India Coordinated Projects" for the improvement of grain legumes and oilseeds (including groundnut) were established in the late 1960s. Dried beans, lentils and peas are most commonly known and consumed. However, pulses fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil naturally, and in some cases free soil-bound phosphorous, thus significantly decreasing the need for synthetic fertilizers. Pulses are low in fat and rich in soluble fibre, which can lower cholesterol and help in the control of blood sugar. Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops ? which are classified as vegetable crops. Which one of them is not obtained directly from the crops ? Therefore, these are mostly grown in rotation with other crops. Some pulses you may know and love: Lentils (a great addition to a smoothie) Beans . Pulses are a leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Dried beans , lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses . The term "pulses" is limited to crops harvested solely for dry grain, thereby excludingcrops harvested green for food (green peas, green beans, etc.) Ans- leguminous plants are those plants that help to restore the fertility of the soil as their small nodes absorb nitrogen from the air and fix it into the soil. Science; Social Science; Mathematics; English; Hindi; Class 10. This excludes green beans and green peas, which are considered vegetable crops. An important constituent of our dietary habit, Pulses are leguminous crops and an important source of protein, fibres, vitamins, starch, and minerals. Therefore, pulses are grown in rotation with other crops. These crops are leguminous and they fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. In which country the ‘slash and burn’ agriculture is known as ‘Roca’? While both soybean and peanut are leguminous plants they are not regarded as pulses as they are traditionally seen to be oilseed crops (for information on … Pulses are leguminous crops found in almost all crop growing regions, globally. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Cash crops are those crops which are grown for sale either in raw form or semi processed form. Popular pulses include all varieties of dried beans, such as kidney beans, lima beans, butter beans and broad beans. For farmers, pulses are an important crop because they can be both sold and consumed by the farmers and their families. Pulses are the leguminous crop, that is harvested as the dry seed in a pod. Other pulses like Tur, Urad and Moong are grown as Kharif crops almost in every part of the country. Furthermore, the nitrogen-fixing properties of pulses improve soil fertility, which increases and extends the productivity of the farmland. Global Pulse Flours Market is valued approximately USD 13.79 billion in 2018 and is anticipated to grow with a healthy growth rate of more than 5.30% over the forecast period 2019-2026. Differentiate between the kharif and rabi crops. Legume Seed Crops or Pulses- leguminous plants which produce edible, protein-rich seeds. Explain any two geographical conditions required for the cultivation of pulses. Common Pulses Pulses are the dried seeds of the legume plants. Pulses have also been shown to help combat obesity. Being leguminous crops, all these crops except arhar help in restoring soil fertility by fixing nitrogen from the air. Hundreds of different varieties of pulses are grown around the globe. Pulses are important food crops due to their high protein and essential amino acid content. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. Thus, they are usually rotated with other crops to maintain fertility of the soil. the fix their own Nitrogen from the atmosphere (similar to clover). Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Pulses are versatile in all kinds of recipes. Cereals have high levels of carbohydrates, whereas pulses are rich in proteins, nutrients, vitamins, and amino acids, though have lower contents of carbohydrates. Which crop is known as the ‘golden fibre’? India is the largest producer (25% of global production), consumer (27% of world consumption) and importer (14%) of pulses in the world. green peas, green beans )—these are classified as vegetable crops . The seeds are utilized in the mature, dry form as food or feed or processed into various products. In these plants the seeds are found inside pods and the root nodules have the capacity of nitrogen fixation in the soil. Like Us on Facebook Connect on LinkedIn Home; About; NCERT Solution. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Pulses can contribute to climate change mitigation by reducing dependence on the synthetic fertilizers used to introduce nitrogen artificially into the soil. Some examples of pulses include beans, peas, cowpea, dry beans like pinto beans, kidney beans, navy beans, dry peas, lentils, lupins, and peanuts, Mung bean, golden gram, green gram. Biology; Economic; Study Material; Ask Question . Answer. Dry Beans Lentils Faba Beans Dry Peas Chickpeas Cowpeas Bambara Beans Pigeon Peas Lupins Vetches Black … Because of these qualities they are recommended by health organizations for the management of non-communicable diseases like diabetes and heart conditions. Name the major pulses grown in India and the states leading in their production. Greenhouse gases are released during the manufacturing and application of these fertilizers, and their overuse can be detrimental to the environment. So, pulses are a terrific crop to grow, and eat! (a) Pulses are grown in both rabi and kharif season (b) Pulses are leguminous crops (c) They are grown in rotation with other crops (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities. Growing pulses also promotes sustainable agriculture, as pulse crops help decrease greenhouse gases, increase soil health, and use less water than other crops. Pulses are leguminous crops that constitute an essential part of Indian diet because nearly 43% of all Indians are vegetarian (urban-48% rural-41%) and pulses are important protein source. Pulse flour is obtained from dried, milled pulses which are then further refined to be used in various applications. Pulses are important food crops due to their high protein and essential amino acid content. Which one of the following is not true for pulses? Pulses account for around 20 per cent of the area under foodgrains and contribute around 7-10 per cent of the total foodgrains production in the country. The main pulses grown in India include chickpea or Bengal gram, pigeon pea or red gram or arhar, lentil (masur in Hindi), urdbean or black gram, mungbean or green gram, moth bean, horse gram, pea, grass … Pulses are leguminous crops that are high in protein content. Dried beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. soybean and groundnuts) and leguminous crops that are used exclusively for sowing purposes (e.g. These little nutrition nuggets play a huge role in healthy diets in countries all over the world. Answer: (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities They do not include crops that are harvested green—think green peas or green beans—or crops used mainly for oil extraction—such as soybean and groundnuts—or leguminous crops that are used exclusively for sowing purposes as is the case of … Pulses are the edible seeds of leguminous plants cultivated for food. Pulses are leguminous crops. Pulses is a general term that covers many crops like Beans, Peas, Lupins, Vetches and Soybean. Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops? COMMERCIAL/CASH CROPS. 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