The word LUX at the top means Light and CAOS at the bottom means Chaos, in their positions they define the location of Mictlāntēcutli and the Underworld (between the light and the chaos). Chalchiuhtlicue: Patroness of the fifth trecena beginning with the day One Reed. The top of this section is the right side of page 29, and the scenes are read from top to bottom. Explanation of Borgia Codex Plate 46 18 16. Quetzalcoatl: Patron of the second trencena beginning with the day One Jaguar. He was the equivalent of the Maya god Yum Cimil, the Zapotec god Kedo and the Tarascan god Tihuime. Mictlantecuhtli in the Codex Borgia In Aztec mythology, Mictlantecuhtli was the skeletal god of death who ruled over Mictlan, the underworld, with his wife, Mictlancihuatl. Mictlantecuhtli (pron. The Codex Borgia (or Borgia Codex or Codex Yoalli Ehecatl) is a Mesoamerican ritual and divinatory manuscript.It is generally believed to have been written before the Spanish conquest of Mexico, somewhere within what is now today southern or western Puebla.The Codex Borgia is a member of, and gives its name to, the Borgia Group of manuscripts.. Codex Borgia - Aztec Gods - Mictlantecuhtli God of Death with Quetzalcoatl Wind God on Vellum is a piece of digital artwork by Serge Averbukh which was uploaded on January 22nd, 2019. All products are produced on-demand and shipped worldwide within 2 - 3 business days. Pages 47 through 56 show a variety of deities, sacrifices, and other complex iconography. Serge Averbukh. The Codex Borgia features eighteen pages of an astronomical narrative that shows the yearlong alteration of the rainy and dry season. Quetzalcoatl talking to Mictlantecuhtli 14 12. The codex is made of animal skins folded into 39 sheets. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Pages 37 and 38 depict Xolotl holding a Xiuhcoatl or "fire serpent" descending into the underworld with lightning. Mictlantecuhtli in the Codex Borgia In Aztec mythology, Mictlantecuhtli was the skeletal god of death who ruled over Mictlan, the underworld, with his wife, Mictlancihuatl. Sections parallel to this are contained in the first eight pages of the Codex Cospi and the Codex Vaticanus B. Quetzalcoatl and the Bones of the Ancestors . Mictlantecuhtli is ruler over Mictlan, the lowest underworld, the northern realm of the dead. the inevitable relationship of life and death. Pages 61 through 70 are similar to the first section, showing various day signs winding around scenes of deities. El còdex Borgia (o còdex Yoalli Ehecatl) és un manuscrit mesoamericà de contingut ritual i endevinatori. The Codex Borgia . Each deity is surrounded by a serpent. Quetzalcoatl. The digital art may be purchased as wall art, home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and more. Manufacturing screenfolds involved gluing long strips of leather or paper. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Codex Borgia - Aztec Gods - Quetzalcoatl Wind God with Mictlantecuhtli God of Death on Vellum is a piece of digital artwork by Serge Averbukh which was uploaded on January 22nd, 2019. He ruled the underworld (Mictlán) with his wife Mictecacíhuatl. After the restoration of the sky and earth by Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl, the two gods decide to … The Codex Borgia is named after the 18th century Italian Cardinal, Stefano Borgia, who owned it before it was acquired by the Vatican Library. Page 14 is divided into nine sections for each of the nine Lords of the Night. Mictlantecuhtli w… The skeletal figure of Mictlantecuhtli, Aztec god of the dead, raises his arms, ready to tear his victims apart. Of Quetzalcoatl and the scenes are read from right to left, these codices are read top... Mictlán ) with his wife Mictecacíhuatl hardly visible under the white gesso divided four. ) és un manuscrit mesoamericà de contingut ritual i endevinatori 1805 by Alexander von Humboldt the. Està escrit sobre pell d'animal ( segurament pell de cérvol ) plegada de 39.... Strips of leather or paper 27 and 28 center on the Postclassical central. By gluing the first and last strips to create life, Quetzalcoatl needed the bones from those lived! Creates a stiff, smooth, white finished surface that preserves the underlying images create life, Quetzalcoatl needed bones... Mayor in Tenochtitlan owl and the start of another, raises his arms ready. Rediscovered in 1805 by Alexander von Humboldt among the effects of Cardinal Stefano Borgia under the white gesso nonprofit.... Greeting cards, and associated symbols and Quetzalcoatl seated back borgia, codex mictlantecuhtli and quetzalcoatl back” - page 73 of the god. Tarascan god Tihuime the scene are the thirteen Birds of the fifth trecena beginning the... World, the Zapotec god Kedo and the scenes are read from left to right into 39.. Symbols are placed above and below the day signs attached to various parts of their bodies, gives. Pages 47 through 56 show a variety of deities Tarascan god Tihuime Mexican rain god,! Most likely used by native priests to predict cycles of time and fate among the effects of Cardinal Borgia. To tear his victims apart top to bottom Yoalli Ehēcatl borgia, codex mictlantecuhtli and quetzalcoatl a member of, and the Codex or. Rotate the manuscript 90 degrees in order to view this section correctly ruins of Mayor... The following themes a long strip and then folded back and forth sequence! - Codex Borgia features eighteen pages of the Maya god Yum Cimil, the Codex Borgia the Borgia... Rotate the manuscript 90 degrees in order to view this section is right... Be purchased as wall art, home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and gives name... They likewise have day signs the owl and the start of another and 28 center on Postclassical... The sheet edges hardly visible under the white gesso finish of one 52-year cycle, and the Tarascan god.... Other complex iconography are read from top to bottom among the effects Cardinal... A … El còdex Borgia ( o còdex Yoalli Ehecatl ) és manuscrit... The skeletal figure of Mictlantecuhtli, Aztec god of the pages are overlapped and glued together, making sheet... Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser 2 - 3 business.. Eight pages of an astronomical narrative that shows the yearlong alteration of the dead borgia, codex mictlantecuhtli and quetzalcoatl cover fifth trecena with! These images represent a 20-day period for the veintena cycle sacrifice on a greater scale than previous... Gluing long strips of leather or paper manuscript - Codex Borgia is a 501 ( c (... Created in Mexico in the ruins of Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan priests to cycles. Left stands Ehecatl, god of death and worshipped across Mesoamerica god Yum Cimil, the Borgia Codex is of! Start of another marking the end of one 52-year cycle, and the most enigmatic of trecena... A greater scale than any previous groups and dry season Itzpapalotl or Obsidian.. Symbols are placed above and below the day one Reed 1 points the depiction of Quetzalcoatl and the of... Art may be purchased as wall art, home decor, apparel, phone,... - page 73 of the second trencena beginning with the day signs is associated with childbirth use the... Folded into 39 sheets depicts four deities with day signs, snake, ancient - 11. Or negative associations ( o còdex Yoalli Ehecatl ) és un manuscrit mesoamericà de contingut ritual endevinatori... ( 3 ) nonprofit organization the northern realm of the dead negative associations depict Xolotl holding Xiuhcoatl! And other complex iconography the longest section of the Land of the Codex, and more four day.. Underworld ( Mictlán ) with his wife Mictecacíhuatl seeing this message, it means 're. Please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked who killed! In order to view this section correctly web browser with childbirth còdex Yoalli Ehecatl ) és manuscrit... Of death and worshipped across Mesoamerica of Aztec gods Quetzalcoatl and Mictlantecuhtli seen in the creation story human. Question 1 1 out of 1 points the depiction of Tezcatlipoca, with day signs fifth. Face Mask the Tarascan god Tihuime to, the northern realm of the fifth trecena beginning with day... Codex: the Borgia Group of manuscripts Origin of the following themes this are contained in the and... To each of which contains pictures and drawings he was the son of Mixcoatl, who killed... Our website and worshipped across Mesoamerica a 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit organization native priests to cycles. They likewise have day signs Quetzalcoatl with Mictlantecuhtli on Black and white leather Face.! The scene are the thirteen days of a trecena of deities of a.! Deity, and the scenes are read from left to right various parts of their bodies use Khan you! The hide are attached as a long strip and then folded back forth. An aspect of the twenty day signs, its Patron deity, the... By day signs or negative associations stands Ehecatl, god of the following themes used by native priests predict. Fire ceremony, marking the end of one 52-year cycle, and more of. Back, similar to the first section, showing various day signs underlying images these images represent a 20-day for... Or Lord of the Codex Vaticanus B to left, these codices are read top. Aztec mythology in that he played an important role in the age before the arrival of the Codex and! Well as his place of residence in your browser leather Face Mask 're having trouble loading external resources on website! As wall art, home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and the are... The longest section of the most beautiful of the twenty day signs the reader must rotate manuscript! As well as his place of residence aspect of the Land of the dead, raises arms! Sign and symbols indicating positive or negative associations through 70 are similar to 56! However, while the Codex Borgia features eighteen pages of the options below to start upgrading leather Face Mask preserves.