According to William Logan, the word Malabar comes from a combination of the Malayalam word Mala (hill) and the Persian/Arabic word Barr (country/continent). [93] Fire services are handled by the Kerala Fire And Rescue Services.[94]. It is the most populous city in Kerala with a population of 957,730 as of 2011. [96] State- and central-government employees make up a large percentage of the city's workforce. [59] At the airport, the lowest temperature recorded was 16.4 °C (61.5 °F) on 15 January 1975 and the highest temperature was 36.3 °C (97.3 °F) on 5 May 1998. Later, the unknown author of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea notes that "both Muziris and Nelcynda are now busy places". In this state, most of the people prefer … [13] The port in Vizhinjam and the historic education center of Kanthalloor Sala were also destroyed by Cholas during this period. Geography. In the 8th century, Adi Shankara was born at Kalady in central Kerala. However, its generally agreed that the Samoothiri were originally the Nair chieftains of Eralnadu region of the Later Chera Kingdom and were known as the Eradis. They also enjoy tribal ceremonies, martial arts, and sports such as soccer, cricket, and badminton. The city's golden age was during the mid-19th century under the reign of Maharaja Swathi Thirunal and Maharaja Ayilyam Thirunal. [194] IIST is the first of its kind in the country, to offer graduate courses and research in space sciences, space technology and space applications. Thiruvananthapuram is also home to research centers such as the National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Indian Space Research Organisation's Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, National Centre for Earth Science Studies and a campus of the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research. Most of the media houses in Kerala are based in Thiruvananthapuram. In the 4th century, the Knanaya Christians migrated from Persia and settled in southern Kodungallur. A speaker of Malayalam is called a Malayali. Saint Thomas Christians claim to be the descendants of the converts of Saint Thomas the Apostle of Jesus Christ although no evidence that Thomas ever visited Kerala has been established. Kerala borders with only 2 states – Karnataka in north and Tamil Nadu in east. Over 483 people died, and 140 are missing. Geographically, Kerala roughly … [58] Thus, Rama Varma Kulasekara, the last emperor of Chera dynasty, is probably the founder of the Venad royal house, and the title of Chera kings, Kulasekara, was thenceforth adopted by the rulers of Venad. Ask / say what you think about KERALA POLICE: Wiki. [81] In addition to this, three units of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) and Sector Headquarters (SHQ) of the Border Security Force (BSF) are also present. Karnataka Rajyotsava or Karnataka Formation Day was also on November 1, 1956. [164] TCRIP has also been selected by United Nations as a replicable Public Private Partnership model. [193] The Attakulangara School's curriculum is in the Malayalam and Tamil languages. [128][129] Thiruvananthapuram is known for many music festivals like the Navarathri Music Festival, one of the oldest festivals of its kind in South India,[128] Swathi Sangeethotsavam, Soorya Music fest, Neelakanta Sivan Music Fest and many other music festivals are organised by various cultural groups. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. [98] The BrahMos Aerospace Trivandrum Limited is one of the leading missile integration and defence production units in India. Even though Sankara was against all caste systems, in later years his name was used extensively by the Brahmins of Kerala for establishing caste system in Kerala. The Sports Hub, Trivandrum, commonly known as Greenfield Stadium is one of the largest cricket and football stadiums in India. Kerala is located on the southwestern tip of India with the Arabian Sea on the west and the Western Ghats towering 500-2700m on the east. Thiruvananthapuram is a major tourist centre, known for the Padmanabhaswamy Temple, the beaches of Kovalam and Varkala, the backwaters of Poovar and Anchuthengu and its Western Ghats tracts of Ponmudi and the Agastyamala. [268] It is leased to the Sports Authority of India. [202][203][204] There are over 23 engineering education institutions in Thiruvananthapuram. Please provide some background as to the politics of the State of Kerala, particularly clashes between the CPIM and INC or DIC or their student arms. Pliny mentions Muziris as India's first port of importance. [236][237] Other FM radio channels broadcast from Thiruvananthapuram are Big FM 92.7 MHz,[238] Club FM 94.3 MHz,[239] Radio Mirchi 98.3 MHz,[240] Red FM 93.5 MHz[238] and Radio DC 90.4 MHz.[241]. [73] Nonetheless, the Portuguese suffered severe setbacks due to attacks by Samoothiri Maharaja's forces, especially naval attacks under the leadership of admirals of Kozhikode known as Kunjali Marakkars, which compelled them to seek a treaty. [42] The city witnessed multi-faceted progress during his period. [79] In 1957, elections for the new Kerala Legislative Assembly were held, and a reformist, Communist-led government came to power, under E. M. S. It is used for conducting basketball, volleyball, table tennis, gymnastics, aquatics and martial arts. [173], Thiruvananthapuram is a divisional headquarters in the Southern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Kerala Piravi wishes in Malayalam and … The city also has a few Tulu, Kannada, Konkani, Dhivehi, Telugu and Hindi speakers. The Portuguese Cemetery, Kollam (after the invasion of Dutch, it became Dutch Cemetery) of Tangasseri in Kollam city was constructed in around 1519 as part of the Portuguese invasion in the city. [24], The region of Kerala was possibly engaged in trading activities from the 3rd millennium BCE with Sumerians and Babylonians. [145] The Attukal Pongala festival attracts millions of women devotees from across India and abroad. [75] The Thiruvananthapuram city police is a division of the Kerala Police, and the administrative control lies with the Kerala Home Ministry. [35][36] Mappila was an honorific title that had been assigned to respected visitors from abroad; and Jewish, Syrian Christian, and Muslim immigration might account for later names of the respective communities: Juda Mappilas, Nasrani Mappilas, and Muslim Mappilas. Padmanabha. The zonal offices are in Fort, Kadakampally, Nemom, Ulloor, Attipra, Thiruvallom, Kazhakkuttom, Sreekaryam, Kudappanakunnu, Vattiyoorkavu and Vizhinjam. The cuisine of Kerala, a state in the south of India, is linked to its history, geography, demography and culture. "Kerala." [69] Each ward elects a councillor to the Corporation of Thiruvananthapuram. [57], The city has a climate that borders a tropical savanna climate and a tropical monsoon climate. Gamliel, Ophira. The two kingdoms of Travancore and Cochin joined the Union of India after independence in 1947. The Thiruvananthapuram Municipality came into existence in 1920. 2015. [23] Together with the Cholas and Pandyas the Cheras formed the Tamil triumvirate of the mūvēntar (Three Crowned Kings). They are locally known as "muniyara", derived from muni (hermit or sage) and ara (dolmen). Ezhil Malai Adoor Mahalingeshwara Temple ( Src : Flikcer, Vineeth K Bhat ) Kerala is an important tourist destination of India. Due to ideological differences the CPI-ML split into several groups. [188] The aided schools also follow the state syllabus. On western coastal regions of the city, sandy loam soil is found, and on hilly eastern parts of the district, rich dark brown loam of granite origin is found. [84], The political alliance have strongly stabilised in such a manner that, with rare exceptions, most of the coalition partners stick their loyalty to the alliance. Bose, Satheese Chandra and Varughese, Shiju Sam (eds.) Being the southernmost municipal corporation in India, many long train services of Indian Railways originate from Thiruvananthapuram like Trivandrum Rajdhani Express, Thiruvananthapuram - Silchar Superfast Express and Kochuveli - Amritsar Weekly Express. [58] Thiruvananthapuram is the first city along the path of the south-west monsoons and gets its first showers in early June. The Padmanabhaswamy Temple located at the heart of the city is known as the richest place of worship in the world. Chathukulam, Jos, and Joseph Tharamangalam. Bestowed with a pleasant and equable climate throughout the year, Kerala is a tropical land where one can relax and be at ease. They co-existed harmoniously with each other and with local Hindu society, aided by the commercial benefit from such association. For a land surrounded by the sea, fish should be the most special dish. [16] The city is home to media institutions like Toonz India Ltd and Tata Elxsi Ltd, and is also home to Chitranjali Film Studio, one of the first film studios in Malayalam Cinema, and Kinfra Film and Video Park at Kazhakoottom, which is India's first Infotainment industrial park. [178] Being one of the gateways to the state, it has direct connectivity to all the major cities in India as well as the Middle East, Malaysia, Singapore, the Maldives and Sri Lanka. The Sports Hub, University Stadium,[245] St Xavier's College Ground,[246] KCA Cricket Stadium Mangalapuram,[247] Medical College ground[248] and Vellyani Agricultural College Ground[249] are the main cricket grounds in the city. [49], Thiruvananthapuram is built on seven hills[50] by the seashore and is at 8°30′N 76°54′E / 8.5°N 76.9°E / 8.5; 76.9 on the west coast, near the southern tip of mainland India. ", Jeffrey, Robin. [61][62] M.G.S. [19][20] However, Karur in modern Tamil Nadu is also pointed out as the location of the capital city of Cheras. Modern hospitals here match facilities available in developed countries. In 1766, Haider Ali of Mysore defeated the Samoothiri of Kozhikode – an East India Company ally at the time – and absorbed Kozhikode to his state.[78]. Laterisation is a result of the heavy rainfall and humid conditions. Calicut [257] The Trivandrum Marathon is a marathon organised by the Trivandrum runners club every year. Padmanabha (Lord Vishnu). The Christians, NSS and Namputhiris and the Congress Party protested, with demonstrations numbering in the tens and hundreds of thousands of people. Bio / wiki sources: Wikipedia, accounts on social media, content from our users. [230] All major Malayalam channels, including Asianet, Janam TV, Jeevan TV, MediaOne TV and Manorama News have production facilities or offices in the city. The first Malayalam feature film, Vigathakumaran directed by J. C. Daniel was released in Thiruvananthapuram. The dry season sets in by December. Al-Biruni (AD 973 - 1048) must have been the first writer to call this state Malabar. [205] The University College Thiruvananthapuram established in 1866 and H.H. [65], Malayalees form the vast majority of Thiruvananthapuram's population. The Mayor is responsible for the overall supervision and control of the administrative functions of the TMC. The city also gets rain from the receding north-east monsoons which hit the city by October. In the National Achievement Survey conducted by National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), Thiruvananthapuram is ranked as best in Kerala.[189][190]. [230], All India Radio, the national state-owned radio broadcaster, airs Medium wave and Shortwave radio stations in the city. The Encyclopedia of Christianity, Volume 5 by Erwin Fahlbusch. [157][158] Thiruvananthapuram Light Metro is a fully elevated metro rail – rapid transit system planned to ease the congestion in the city. This era saw the establishment of the first English school (1834), the Observatory (1837), the General Hospital (1839), the Oriental Research Institute & Manuscripts Library and the University College (1873). [254] Prominent football players from thiruvananthapuram include Jobby Justin, Vinu Jose, Thomas Sebastian, M Rajeev Kumar and Ganeshan. [70] The corporation secretary is an officer appointed by the government, who serves as the administrative head of the TMC and implements the council's decisions based on the resolutions adopted by the council. However, Portuguese attacks on Arab properties in his jurisdiction provoked the Samoothiri and finally led to conflict. Kerala lying in the South is one of the most peaceful and pristine states in India. Thiruvananthapuram is a major aerospace research centre in India. Adi Shankara (CE 789), one of the greatest Indian philosophers, is believed to be born in Kaladi in Kerala, and consolidated the doctrine of advaita vedānta. View of Technovalley, in the northwestern part of the city at night. Facts About Kerala – Kerala God’s Own Country is socially the most advanced state in India. ", Dale, Stephen Frederic. Ayurveda Hub. Leading The Way In Ayurveda. [181] A cruise terminal is under construction at Vizhinjam Transshipment Terminal. [266] Paragliding is another adventure sport usually seen in Varkala Beach. Battle of Quilon [82], In the city there is a Consulate of the United Arab Emirates,[83] a Consulate of the Maldives,[84] and Honorary Consulates of Sri Lanka, Russia and Germany. The Government Law College, formed in 1875, is one of the oldest legal education institutions in India. [255] The stadium has the first altitude-simulated training facility in South India, known as Astra. [48], The inhibitions, caused by a series of Chera-Chola wars in the 11th century, resulted in the decline of foreign trade in Kerala ports. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), is a government-aided institute and deemed university. Several establishments of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) were later established in Thiruvananthapuram. Muziris, Berkarai, and Nelcynda were among the principal trading port centres of the Chera kingdom. [15], Thiruvananthapuram is a notable academic and research hub and home to the University of Kerala, Kerala Technological University, the regional headquarters of Indira Gandhi National Open University, and many other schools and colleges. Encyclopædia Britannica. [263] Trivandrum hosted the 61st National Shooting Championship at the Vattiyoorkavu Shooting Range. It was mentioned as one of four independent kingdoms in southern India during Ashoka's time, the others being the Cholas, Pandyas and Satyaputras. Kerala is the land of beauty with long beaches, rivers with charming mountains. [45] A Keralite identity, distinct from the Tamils, became linguistically separate during this period. [4], Perhaps the most famous festival of Kerala, Onam, is deeply rooted in Kerala traditions. Diss. Kerala cuisine offers a multitude of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes prepared using fish, poultry and red meat with rice a typical accompaniment.